1. The patterns that we perceive are just that – a perception. Our brains look for patterns, so when they occur we recognise them very quickly. The patterns that arise are an emergent property of the interactions of pendulums with frequencies offset by a standardised amount – which is determined by string length. Cool effect!

  2. The period of a pendulum is roughly proportional to the square root of the length, so the shorter the string, the more swings it makes in a minute. The difference in the number of swings between the shortest and longest isn’t that great, so I’m guessing it was set up so that over 1 minute, each pendulumn would have one less swing than the one before it. As they swung, they would gradually get in and out of phase with each other.

  3. It’s simple physics. The period of a simple pendulum is, for small amplitudes, proportional to the square root of the distance of the bob weight from the suspension point (at least to a decent approximation).

    It’s therefore “just” necessary to adjust the relative lengths of the individual strings to obtain the effect seen. The “just” probably meaning lots and lots of small changes. It looks like the progression of the suspension lengths is linear with distance from the camera, so the relative periods of each successive bob will be a fixed proportion of that of the one before it. If you make that proportion such that (say) then 9th bob has half the period of the first, then you would get nice effects.

    I guess many other patterns are possible, although the requirement to keep the bobs in an aesthetically pleasing perspective will limit that.

  4. Next time you sit at traffic lights, look across at the line of cars waiting to turn right. See if you can keep your eyes on 3 car’s indicators. No matter what the rate at which they blink you’ll see them exhibit all sorts of wave phenomena – synchronicity, beats, discordance…

    After you’ve seen it once, you’ll never be able to unsee it.

  5. That’s a beautiful and mesmeric effect and, yep, simple physics and pattern recognition; or magic: it could be magic! Tiny light elves and Maxwell’s demon ensuring an even distribution of energy 😀 Either way, I like it 🙂

  6. Lovely!

    I did a project looking at similar (ish) stuff using guitar strings, weights, a big magnet, a frequency generator and an oscilloscope

  7. I started picking apart simple harmonic motion, but we don’t need that. Just the square root rule mentioned above. I don’t suppose this blog supports Latex, so in what follows, I’ve put ni for n sub i etc.

    The pendulum swings coincide at one point. Let ni be the number of swings done by pendulum i at this point. Let Ti be the period (time taken to make a complete swing) by pendulum i. Then the number of seconds that have elapsed is ni times Ti.. So at this point
    niTi = njTj for every i and j.. Since the period is proportional to sqrt(L), where L = length of string.we have

    (ni/nj)^2 = Lj/Li

    Let n1, n2, … n12 be a sequence of increasing integers. Say nj = j times n1. Then Li/Lj = j^2/i^2. Yes! Let L12 be the length of the shortest string. Then

    L11 = 12^2/11^2 time L12 = 1.19 times L12.

    and Lj = 144 / j^2 for the rest of the j’s.

    Pendulum 1 makes n1 swing, pendulum 2 makes 2 x n1 swings etc before they coincide, In there intervening time they make pretty patterns.

    Does this support Latex? n_i . $n_i$

  8. The black light adds to the effect, but it’s not my favorite.

    Look at fractals for some truly fascinating patterns that emerge from surprisingly simple systems.

  9. This is mesmerizing to watch–all three versions! It’s such a simple thing, and yet so very cool to see the gradual change from one pattern to the next.

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